September 1, 2021

September 2021: Team of experts creates ACMG’s first evidence-based clinical guideline recommending exome or genome sequencing for pediatric patients with congenital anomalies or intellectual disability

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Congenital anomalies (CA), developmental delay (DD), and intellectual disability (ID) are among the most common indicators in children that lead to genetic testing. Identification of an underlying diagnosis for CA or DD/ID can be consequential to care management and long-term prognosis for the child. But there has been no evidence-based guideline for clinicians to refer to that supports the use of exome or genome sequencing as a first-line or second-line test for the evaluation of pediatric patients with CA or DD/ID. 

On this month’s GenePod, Fuki Hisama, MD, FACMG, FAAN and Murugu Manickam, MD, FACMG, who co-chaired the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) evidence-based work group, discuss how a team of experts was brought together to provide the ACMG’s first ever evidence-based clinical guideline. This guideline lays out clear recommendations for use of exome or genome sequencing in clinical care to optimize outcomes for pediatric patients with CA or DD/ID. “In a way, this model of an evidence-based guideline is creating the standard and a template for future studies” says Dr. Manickam.