COVID-19 in people with neurofibromatosis 1, neurofibromatosis 2, or schwannomatosis

Published:October 18, 2022DOI:
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      People with pre-existing conditions may be more susceptible to severe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) when infected by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus- 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The relative risk and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection in people with rare diseases like neurofibromatosis (NF) type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), or schwannomatosis (SWN) is unknown.


      We investigated the proportions of SARS-CoV-2 positive or COVID-19 patients in people with NF1, NF2, or SWN in the National COVID Collaborative Cohort (N3C) electronic health record dataset.


      The cohort sizes in N3C were 2,501 (NF1), 665 (NF2), and 762 (SWN). We compared these to N3C cohorts of other rare disease patients (98 - 9844 individuals) and the general non-NF population of 5.6 million. The site- and age-adjusted proportion of people with NF1, NF2, or SWN who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 or were COVID-19 patients (collectively termed positive cases) was not significantly higher than in individuals without NF or other selected rare diseases. There were no severe outcomes reported in the NF2 or SWN cohorts. The proportion of patients experiencing severe outcomes was no greater for people with NF1 than in cohorts with other rare diseases or the general population.


      Having NF1, NF2, or SWN does not appear to increase the risk of being SARS-CoV-2 positive or of being a COVID-19 patient, or of developing severe complications from SARS-CoV-2.